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    標題 作者 關鍵詞 領域 輯號 下載
    上古漢語韻重現象研究——為慶祝郭錫良先生八十五華誕而作 孫玉文 上古漢語 韻重 音系 古音構擬 古漢、上古、語音 55
    稿件標題上古漢語韻重現象研究——為慶祝郭錫良先生八十五華誕而作
    英文標題On the Yunchong(韻重)Phenomenon in Old Chinese
    作者姓名孫玉文
    作者單位北京大學中文系
    領域古漢、上古、語音
    關鍵詞上古漢語 韻重 音系 古音構擬
    中文摘要
    文章根據郭錫良先生《漢字古音手冊》(增訂本),發現:上古同一個韻部中,包括了相當多的中古同聲母、同開合、同等而讀音有區別的韻或韻類。這跟中古漢語的“重韻”含義不同,可以稱之為“上古韻重現象”。上古韻重現象必須做出科學解釋。本文在全面搜集整理材料的基礎上,論證:上古唇舌齒喉(包括中古牙音)都有甲乙兩類三等韻,中古的重紐是上古甲乙兩類三等韻的繼承和發展,中古的重紐三等韻不能機械地上推到上古;上古一二等韻可能也要各分甲乙兩類,四等只有一類。只有這樣,才能解釋清楚上古韻母到中古的發展演變。以此音類區分為基礎,本文對上古韻部和韻母的構擬提出了新的系統。
    英文摘要
    Based on Hanzi Guyin Shouce (《漢字古音手冊》)(Revised Edition) by Guo Xiliang(郭錫良), it is found that in the same rhyme group of Old Chinese, there are quite a few rhymes or rhyme categories which are of identical initial, kaihe (開合)and division but different pronunciations in Middle Chinese. This phenomenon is different from chongyun (重韻)in Middle Chinese, thus it can be named as the yunchong (韻重)phenomenon in Old Chinese. On the basis of comprehensive materials, it is argued that there are two types of division III rhymes of labial, lingual, dental and guttural (including velar in Middle Chinese) initials in Old Chinese; the chongniu( 重紐) phenomenon in Middle Chinese evolved from two types of division III in Old Chinese, and the chongniu division III rhymes cannot be analogized mechanically into Old Chinese; the division I, II rhymes may be divided into two types respectively, and there is only one type of division IV. Only in this way can we demonstrate how the rhymes evolved from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese. Based on the division of rhymes, we put forward a new system of the reconstruction of rhyme groups and finals in Old Chinese.
    字數56467
    從經師音注和通假異文看漢代聲訓的語音特征 鄭妞 經師音注 通假異文 聲訓 復聲母 古漢、語音 55
    稿件標題從經師音注和通假異文看漢代聲訓的語音特征
    英文標題Research on Phonetic Features of Sound Glosses in Han Dynasty from Confucian Scholars’ Reading System and Variant Characters for Phonetic Loan
    作者姓名鄭妞
    作者單位上海大學文學院中文系
    領域古漢、語音
    關鍵詞經師音注 通假異文 聲訓 復聲母
    中文摘要
    歷來學者基本認同以《釋名》為代表的漢代聲訓都符合音同或音近的關系,但對于音近的標準卻存在一定分歧,以包擬古為代表的學者主張構擬復聲母去解釋《釋名》中的一些音近聲訓。文章嘗試收集漢代經師音注和通假異文,用同時代的語音材料考察聲訓中聲訓詞和被釋詞的語音關系,認為聲訓中存在少量“疊韻相訓、鄰韻相訓、雙聲相訓”,漢代聲訓不能反映復聲母的存在。
    英文摘要
    It has been generally acknowledged by scholars that sound glosses represented by Shih ming (《釋名》) in Han Dynasty all conform to the relationship of same or near sound, but divergences still exist about standards of near sound. Some scholars represented by Bodman advocate the reconstruction of consonant cluster in explaining some near sound in Shih ming .This article aims to collect Confucian scholars’ reading system and variant characters for phonetic loan of Han Dynasty, using coetaneous phonological materials to observe and study the relationship between sound explanation and explained words, and thus extend the argument that sound glosses in Han Dynasty comprise a small quantity of same rime, near rime, same initial, and that they cannot reflect the existing of consonant cluster.
    字數16856
    卓克基嘉戎語的非實然結構 林幼菁 非實然、嘉戎語、卓克基、語法范疇、違實、條件 語法 55
    稿件標題卓克基嘉戎語的非實然結構
    英文標題The Irrealis Construction in Cogtse Rgyalrong
    作者姓名林幼菁
    作者單位北京大學中文系
    領域語法
    關鍵詞非實然、嘉戎語、卓克基、語法范疇、違實、條件
    中文摘要
    本文詳細介紹了卓克基嘉戎語非實然語法范疇的構造與功能。將這個語言中[非實然1-+非實然2-+詞干1]這個結構標記為非實然可說恰如其分,因為它不能構成真實條件小句,只能表達非真實、特別是違實的條件,而“違實”與“條件”正是語言中“非實然”這個語法范疇最普遍標記的功能。除此以外,卓克基嘉戎語的非實然結構還用在祈使、祈愿、愿望等義務情態句、猶豫中的未來時,以及以義務情態動詞作主要謂語的賓語補語小句。非實然在卓克基話不只是語義概念,而是有專屬形態構造表達的語法范疇。
    英文摘要
    This paper describes and analyzes the construction and functions of the category of Irrealis in Cogtse (A.K.A Zhuokeji) Rgyalrong. The construction [Irrealis1-+Irrealis2-+STEM1] can be aptly labeled Irrealis, as it is consistently required in counterfactual and unreal conditional structures. In addition to these two structures, Irrealis in Cogtse Rgyalrong is also used in imperatives, jusstives, optatives, deliberative futures, as well as complements to deontic matrix predicates. Irrealis in Cogtse is not merely a conceptual category; it is a valid grammatical category that has its own structure to express proto-typical irrealis meanings.
    字數14207
    重建官話方言音韻史的設想 秋谷裕幸 中原官話汾河片;官話方言;原始官話方言;音韻史方法論 語音、方言 55
    稿件標題重建官話方言音韻史的設想
    英文標題A preliminary discussion on the reconstruction of the phonological history of Mandarin dialects
    作者姓名秋谷裕幸
    作者單位愛媛大學法文學部
    領域語音、方言
    關鍵詞中原官話汾河片;官話方言;原始官話方言;音韻史方法論
    中文摘要
    本文簡述筆者正在所進行官話方言音韻史研究的主要內容、方法和目的。官話方言音韻史的主要目的是構擬原始官話方言。原始官話方言的構擬要分兩個步驟:“原始中原官話汾河片的構擬”和“原始官話方言的構擬”。本文介紹構擬工作的一些具體情況。
    英文摘要
    This paper is a preliminary report on the reconstruction of the phonological history of Mandarin dialects, which the author is now researching. It describes main contents, methods and the goal of this reseach. The purpose of the Mandarin phonological history is the reconstrution of Proto-Mandarin. It takes two steps: the reconstrution of Proto Fenhe subgroup of Zhongyuan Mandarin and the reconstrution of Proto-Mandarin. This paper presents some results of the research.
    字數36776
    漢語方言江宕攝舒聲開口非知二莊組字的合口化現象及其啟示 王為民 江宕攝 合口化 后圓唇元音 知莊章 語音、方言 55
    稿件標題漢語方言江宕攝舒聲開口非知二莊組字的合口化現象及其啟示
    英文標題The Phenomenon of The Openning and Non-checked Tone Characters with Non-division II Zhi(知)And Zhuang(莊)Initials of Jiang(江) and Dang(宕) Rhyme Groups Increasing Rounding Media -u- In Chinese Dialects and Its Enlightenment
    作者姓名王為民
    作者單位山西大學 語言科學研究所
    領域語音、方言
    關鍵詞江宕攝 合口化 后圓唇元音 知莊章
    中文摘要
    漢語方言江宕攝舒聲開口非知二莊組字的合口化現象表明,江宕攝舒聲開口字的合口化現象不僅涉及二三等字,也包含宕攝開口一等字,這與江宕攝入聲開口字的合口化現象具有相似性,是r介音說無法解釋的。江宕攝主元音的后圓唇性是其開口字發生合口化現象的基礎,圓唇性越高開口字越容易合口化。官話方言江宕攝舒聲開口僅有知二莊組字發生合口化與[?]類聲母的圓唇性質、[i]介音的存留和脫落及江宕攝主元音的持續低化并最終失去圓唇性有密切關系。
    英文摘要
    The phenomenon of the opening and Non-checked tone characters with non-division II Zhi (知)and Zhuang (莊)initials of Jiang (江)and Dang (宕) rhyme groups increasing rounding media -u- in Chinese dialects shows that the phenomenon of the opening characters with non-checked tone increasing rounding media -u- in is not only including division II or III characters, but also division I ones, which is similar to the corresponding characters with entering tone, and cannot be explained by -r- theory. Having back and rounding vowel is the main basis for explaining why the opening characters increasing -u- media in Jiang and Dang rhyme groups. In Mandarin Dialects, only the characters with division II, Zhi and Zhuang initials and non-checked tone in Jiang and Dang rhyme groups increased -u- media, which is related to the rounding property of [?] initials, retention of [i] media, and the vowels of Jiang and Dang becoming lower and lower and last losing rounding property.
    字數15882
    云澳方言 閩南方言 “囝” 語義類別 語法功能 功能演變 張靜芬 閩南方言 “囝” 語義類別 語法功能 語音、方言 55
    稿件標題云澳方言 閩南方言 “囝” 語義類別 語法功能 功能演變
    英文標題The function and Evolution of Jian(囝) in Yun’ao Min Dialect
    作者姓名張靜芬
    作者單位香港科技大學
    領域語音、方言
    關鍵詞閩南方言 “囝” 語義類別 語法功能
    中文摘要
    本文描寫粵東云澳閩南方言“囝”的語義類別及語法功能,討論“囝”的兩個獨立使用的小稱讀音的區別,并兼及其他閩南方言,進一步探討“囝”的功能及演變。語義類別上,若“囝”可表動作弱,則必可表性狀輕微和表小,依次類推如下:表小>表性狀輕微>表動作弱;在“表小”語義類別中,“囝”在不同名詞類別中有如下語義擴展順序:動物類>植物類>人造物類>親屬稱謂和事物的量>自然實體和身體器官。語法功能上,“囝”的用法主要集中在詞法層面上,可作實語素(單音名詞和復合詞詞根)和虛語素(小稱后綴、轉義名詞后綴、純名詞后綴),還可作正處在詞根向詞綴過渡的“指人名詞準后綴”;句法層面上,“囝”作數量詞、量詞標記在大多數閩南方言中均有表現,而性狀弱化標記、動作弱化標記僅在福建本土閩南方言和海南方言中較為發達。最后,本文對云澳方言的“囝”兼有兩種小稱讀音的性質及來源做出解釋,認為這是閩南方言內部接觸形成的現象,而云澳方言的小稱雙后綴形式“X+a3 + ki??3”不同于廈門方言的情況,是小稱最高級的表現。
    英文摘要
    Jian(囝) can serve as a diminutive form as well as a content word in Southern-Min dialect. The semantic categories and grammatical functions of the two diminutive pronunciation of Jian in Yun’ao dialect are examined closely and many of which are not noted in previous studies. A functional hierarchy is proposed here for the different semantic categories observed in Yun’ao dialect and other nine Southern Min dialects: ① denoting smallness of things > ② denoting slightness of property > ③ denoting slightness of action. If Jian in one dialect denotes the meaning on level three in the hierarchy, it also encodes the functions on level one and level two. In addition, in denoting smallness of things, the functional extension of Jian is observed to have developed as follows: animal > plant > artifact > kinship term and quantity > natural entity and body part. As for the grammatical functions, Jian can act as an empty morpheme as well as a regular morpheme at the lexical level and can function as a marker of quantitative structure, adjective, adverbial and verb at the syntax level. However, the function of Jian at the syntax level is not prolific at this point, as it is not observed in most of the dialects have examined. This study further discusses the special use of Jian found in Yun’ao Min dialect. The two diminutive pronunciation of Jian existed in Yun’ao dialect at the same time is due to language contact. Different from Xiamen dialect, the form of dual suffix in Yun’ao dialect is the way to signify the superlative degree of diminutive.
    字數24287
    “輕動詞”之涵義辨析并論“加以”和“進行”的論元結構 鄧盾 light verb 輕動詞 加以 進行 論元結構 語義角色標注 現漢、語法 55
    稿件標題“輕動詞”之涵義辨析并論“加以”和“進行”的論元結構
    英文標題On the Meaning of “light verb” and the Argument Structure of Jiayi (加以) and Jinxing(進行) in Mandarin
    作者姓名鄧盾
    作者單位清華大學中文系
    領域現漢、語法
    關鍵詞light verb 輕動詞 加以 進行 論元結構 語義角色標注
    中文摘要
    本文首先對“light verb”和“輕動詞”這兩個術語的內涵進行了梳理,然后簡要討論了英語的do、日語的suru以及英語的take等具有實際語音形式的“light verbs”在論元結構上的特性。以此為基礎,文章考察了“加以”和“進行”兩個動詞詞條,以檢驗現代漢語里是否存在具有實際語音形式的“輕動詞”。我們討論了上述兩個動詞詞條的論元結構
    和句法表現,并分析了以這兩個動詞為主要動詞的句子的事件語義。結論是:“加以”是一個帶施事(Agent)、對象(Goal)、受事(Theme)的三元動詞,而“進行”是一個帶受事論元的非賓格(unaccusative)動詞,它們詞義虛化的感覺是由它們必須帶事件名詞作賓語并必須與事件名詞進行論元整合的事實導致的?,F代漢語似乎還沒有語法化出do和suru那樣真正意義上的“輕動詞”。
    英文摘要
    Kuo and Ting (2007) claim that the Mandarin verb jiayi(加以) is a light verb that takes an incorporated verbal noun as its object just like the Japanese light verb suru (cf. Grimshaw and Mester 1988). They also argue that the verb jinxing(進行) can be used either as a heavy verb or a light verb, depending on whether the theme argument of the verbal noun taken by the verb appears on the clausal level (light verb use) or inside the complex NP projected by the verbal noun(heavy verb use). In this paper, I argue against Kuo and Ting (2007) to show that the two verbs are not light verbs but lexical verbs that have their own argument structure and are capable of assigning theta-roles. I show that the verb jiayi takes three arguments and assigns Agent, Goal and Theme to each of them. This explains facts about how the three arguments of the verb are realized in the syntax. I provide evidence to show that jinxing is an unaccusative verb which takes a verbal noun as its theme argument. I analyze the event semantics of sentences with these two verbs as the main verb to show that the two verbs both denote a complex event, which further suggests the two verbs are not light verbs. The discussion of this paper has implications for theoretical issues such as argument structure and theta-marking and applied issues in NLP such as semantic role labeling.
    字數23694
    漢語名詞和動詞的心理學實驗研究綜觀 樂耀 名詞 動詞 實驗研究 綜述 現漢、綜合 55
    稿件標題漢語名詞和動詞的心理學實驗研究綜觀
    英文標題Review of Psychological Experimental Studies on Nouns and Verbs in Chinese
    作者姓名樂耀
    作者單位中國社會科學院語言研究所
    領域現漢、綜合
    關鍵詞名詞 動詞 實驗研究 綜述
    中文摘要
    文章對漢語名詞和動詞的心理語言學實驗研究進行綜述。其中主要包括兒童語言習得(產出和感知實驗)、利用功能磁共振成像(fMRI)、腦電事件相關電位(ERP)等技術手段展開的詞類實驗研究。文章對已有的重要實驗進行了較為全面的梳理并做了簡要評價。
    英文摘要
    This paper is a review on psychological experimental studies on nouns and verbs in Chinese. Based on the evidence of recent related experimental studies, including perceptual experiments and production studies of word class acquisition by children and adult studies by fMRI and ERPs, the report shows that not only can grammatical theory be used to explain experimental results and be tested by experimental studies, but also experimental studies call for updating the grammatical theory which will in reverse improve and deepen experimental studies.
    字數28479
    韻律、句法和語義,誰制約了誰? 周韌 韻律 句法 語義 復合詞 互動關系 現漢 55
    稿件標題韻律、句法和語義,誰制約了誰?
    英文標題Which is the First Priority, Prosody, Syntax or Semantics?
    作者姓名周韌
    作者單位北京語言大學
    領域現漢
    關鍵詞韻律 句法 語義 復合詞 互動關系
    中文摘要
    本文認為:漢語中一些被看成是“韻律制約句法語義”的現象,其實也能從“語義語用制約韻律”的角度重新詮釋。本文首先指出目前通行的一些韻律規則本身就包含了句法語義因素在內,因此用這些“韻律規則”來突出說明“韻律制約句法語義”并不可靠。文章進而回顧了漢語中幾類復合詞的構造過程,過去認為韻律在這些復合詞的構造中起了決定性作用,我們重新審視了相關討論,并依靠一些新的語料事實進行再次分析,說明這幾類復合詞的構造過程更適宜看成是“語義語用規則對韻律的制約”。最后,簡要介紹一下心理學界關于漢語動賓結構韻律模式的一則腦電實驗。
    英文摘要
    Some Mandarin data, which was considered to be the proof of “prosody overriding syntax and semantic”, now can be reexplained in the perspective of “semantic and pragmatic constraining prosody”. Firstly, the paper points out that a lot of current prosody rules are unconvincing to prove the “prosody syntax” since these rules themselves compose of some syntactic and semantic factors. We reanalyze the formation of several kinds of Mandarin compounds, which was thought to be the case study of “prosody overriding syntax and semantics”, with some new data and believes that such Mandarin compound formations are more appropriate to be considered as case study of“ semantic or pragmatic constrains prosody”. Finally, An ERP experiment is introduced in the paper for supporting our ideas. We are now tending to say that in most cases, prosodic form is a kind of encoding of semantic and pragmatic information.
    字數17663
    從語義地圖看五味之詞的語義演變 潘秋平 張家敏 語義地圖 五味之詞 語義演變 現漢、語義 55
    稿件標題從語義地圖看五味之詞的語義演變
    英文標題Semantic Extension of Words Expressing the Five Cardinal Tastes: A Semantic Map Approach
    作者姓名潘秋平 張家敏
    領域現漢、語義
    關鍵詞語義地圖 五味之詞 語義演變
    中文摘要
    Haspelmath(2003) 所提出的“語義地圖模型”(Semantic Map Model)雖著重討論如何從共時的多義現象勾勒出普遍的概念空間,也為研究語義演變的規律提供新的分析手段。這些研究成果的一個顯著的特點是都把重點放在虛詞上,而詞匯既然是由實詞和虛詞組成的,我們當然也不能忽略對實詞的語義演變規律的探討。本文以五味之詞來討論實詞的語義演變規律。這里所謂的語義演變著重于實詞非虛化的語義演變現象。
    英文摘要
    Studies regarding the regularities of semantic change have focused on grammatical morphemes and grammaticalization. The main concern of this paper is the regularities of semantic change in content words. The semantic map model proposed by Haspelmath (2003) has proven to be a useful tool in conducting cross-linguistic study. Content words which express concepts related to the human body have the highest chance of demonstrating regularities in their semantic change. Hence, in this paper, we will study the words of the five tastes, namely; sweet, bitter, sour, salty and spicy in six languages and their meaning extensions into different semantic domains using the semantic map model.
    字數37250
    基本詞“踩”的出現及相關問題 楊榮賢 “踩” 產生 字形演變 語音演變 古漢、語義 55
    稿件標題基本詞“踩”的出現及相關問題
    英文標題The origin of the Basic Word Cǎi(踩)in Modern Chinese
    作者姓名楊榮賢
    作者單位安徽師范大學文學院
    領域古漢、語義
    關鍵詞“踩” 產生 字形演變 語音演變
    中文摘要
    現代漢語普通話中表踩踏義的主導詞用“踩”。漢語史上,“踩”早在《莊子》中就已經出現,字形作“跐”,正音“cǐ”,其又讀音歸蟹韻。明中葉以后,“跐”字蟹韻一讀逐漸由又音獲得正音地位,音“cǎi”,并延續至今?!安取边@一字形的確定也歷經跐、踹、采、躧、 、跴、 、採、踩等多種形體的演變。與現代漢語普通話中的基本詞“踩”音形義完全吻合的 “踩”字的出現則晚至清代中后期。
    英文摘要
    The meaning of“ tread” in standard Mandarin is presented by the basic word cai(踩). In Chinese language history, cai emerged early in Zhuangzi(《莊子》) with haracter form “跐”, standard pronunciation“ cǐ” and nonstandard pronunciation as those in Xiè(蟹) rhyme. After the mid-Ming Dynasty, the nonstandard pronunciation cǎi has gradually been identified as the standard pronunciation, and remains alive today. The form of the character 踩(cai)finally emerged in the middle and later periods of Qing Dynasty after sequentially emerging of the forms跐, 踹, 采, 躧, , 跴, , which are completely consistent with the basic word cai(踩)in sound-formmeaning in standard Mandarin.
    字數9906
    基于EPG和EGG的朝鮮語塞音和塞擦音發音生理研究 李英浩、張京花 朝鮮語 塞音 塞擦音 松緊對立 動態電子腭位 聲門阻抗 語音 54
    稿件標題基于EPG和EGG的朝鮮語塞音和塞擦音發音生理研究
    作者姓名李英浩、張京花
    作者單位延邊大學外國語學院
    領域語音
    關鍵詞朝鮮語 塞音 塞擦音 松緊對立 動態電子腭位 聲門阻抗
    中文摘要
    本文利用動態電子腭位(EPG)和聲門阻抗(EGG)對朝鮮語中音位三分對立的塞音和塞擦音的發音生理進行了分析,結果顯示,朝鮮語緊、松和送氣輔音存在不同的發音生理表征,輔音松緊對立與聲帶以及聲門上主發音器官動作的緊張程度密切相關。此外,對朝鮮語塞擦音發音部位的分析表明,朝鮮語塞擦音的成阻部位與齒齦塞音相同,都位于齒齦部位;塞擦音的成阻點位置有可能存在性別差異,女性發音人的成阻點位置更靠前。
    字數18756
    小金嘉戎語的缺性聲調系統 林幼菁、胡琛瑩 嘉戎語 小金話 缺性 聲調 詞調 語音 54
    稿件標題小金嘉戎語的缺性聲調系統
    作者姓名林幼菁、胡琛瑩
    作者單位北京大學中文系
    領域語音
    關鍵詞嘉戎語 小金話 缺性 聲調 詞調
    中文摘要
    小金話為四土嘉戎語的一個方言。本文旨在對小金話聲調系統進行初步描寫與分析,根據語言事實,主張小金話的聲調呈現出“缺性聲調系統(Privative tone)”的格局,而且小金話的聲調基本定義單位是詞,即一個詞無論音節多寡,只帶一個聲調。這樣的聲調系統不僅能區別詞匯意義,在語法范疇的表達上更起到了重要的作用。小金話有/HL/、/H.L/及/Φ/三個聲調,在詞匯的層面是一個三元對立的格局;然而,在語法變化的標記上,小金話/H.L/聲調呈現出搖擺于/HL/和零聲調/Φ/之間的情況。本文也將目前對小金話聲調系統的分析與嘉戎語群其它的聲調語言做一個簡單的對比,并且在結論處討論“嘉戎語是不是聲調語言”以及“原始嘉戎語有沒有聲調”這兩個經常被提及的問題,同時根據目前研究所得提出解答。
    英文摘要
    This paper presents an analysis and description of the tone system of Btsanlha, a dialect of Situ Rgyalrong. This study shows that Btsanlha exhibits a privative tone system that takes the word as the basic domain for contrast, and that tone has an important role to pay in both lexicon and grammar. In terms of lexicon, three tones (/HL/, /H.L/ and zero /?/) contrast with each other; however, while serving in grammatical marking, the tone /H.L/ aligns with /HL/ and /?/ respectively in different grammatical environments. Based on the analysis established in this study, this paper compares the tone system of Btsanlha with that of other Rgyalrong languages that are also tonal. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of two frequently-asked questions regarding tone in Rgyalrong: “Is Rgyalrong a tone language?” and “Is Proto-Rgyalrong tonal?”
    字數18038
    古藏語后置輔音w的表意及表音功能 桑塔、達哇彭措、孔江平 古藏語 后置輔音-w- wazur 表意 表音 語音 54
    稿件標題古藏語后置輔音w的表意及表音功能
    英文標題On the Tibetan medial –w-
    作者姓名桑塔、達哇彭措、孔江平
    作者單位北京大學中文系
    領域語音
    關鍵詞古藏語 后置輔音-w- wazur 表意 表音
    中文摘要
    本文通過考察藏語書面文獻和現代藏語方言材料,并同時參考歷代藏族學者的觀點,討論了古藏語后置輔音-w-在藏文初創時的功能。研究發現,-w-的功能并不是像之前的語言學家所認為那么簡單,其功能實際上要相對復雜。具體來說,它除了在局部范圍內具有表音功能以外,而在大多數情況下主要是承擔表意功能的,即具有區別同音詞、表示基字、表示詞綴-ba以及表示Ca類音節為語素而不是音素等功能。
    英文摘要
    By examining different origins of the written Tibetan words which contain medial –w- and referring to the notions of traditional Tibetan linguists , this paper proves that Tibetan medial –w-, among its inherited words, is likely to be morphemic, rather than phonologically functional, while it could be phonemic among the loan words.
    字數9560
    焦點和句末音高的恒定、變異及其相關問題 王韞佳、東孝拓、丁多永 語調 焦點 調域 恒定和變異 現漢、語音 54
    稿件標題焦點和句末音高的恒定、變異及其相關問題
    作者姓名王韞佳、東孝拓、丁多永
    作者單位北京大學中文系
    領域現漢、語音
    關鍵詞語調 焦點 調域 恒定和變異
    中文摘要
    本文使用聲學分析的方法觀察了普通話語調中焦點音高和句末音高的穩定性。在實驗句中,焦點被分別置于句首、句中和句末位置,對各種位置上焦點音節的音高以及焦點詞調域進行了對比。實驗結果表明:(1)在其他因素被控制的條件下,焦點音節音高和焦點詞調域在句中不同位置上傾向于保持恒定,焦點詞之后的音高落差也保持恒定。(2)焦點音節的音高實現受到它在焦點詞內位置和前接聲調的影響,但與其音高恒定性相比這種影響的力度較弱。(3)在聲調順向同化作用的影響下,句中焦點音節的音高有微弱變化,但句末音高所受句首和句中聲調的作用不顯著。實驗結果暗示著語調的骨骼成分具有音高上的默認值。在上述結果和前人研究的基礎上,本文對從語調骼成分的音高默認值到語調短語中各音節F0實現的多層級音高調節過程進行了梳理。
    字數26027
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